The garment owes its survival to generations of painters who kept it in a dressing-up box.A skilled surgeon instructs his class Painted in 1581, this image shows a doctor, John Banister, delivering an anatomy lecture for students at Surgeon’s Hall, London.This loose-fitting outfit has been heavily worn, is spotted with tar and has been regularly patched.The full breeches would have allowed for ease of movement climbing up and down rigging.Changes in society, such as increased education and literacy, had a considerable impact on working life for the ‘middling sort’.Working people, such as lawyers, clergymen and doctors, cultivated a new sense of their own importance, and some chose to be depicted in portraits that highlight their skills.In 1596, as Joan posed for her portrait, England’s economy was flourishing and, as a result, merchants and traders of all sorts were finding opportunities to expand their businesses and improve their lifestyles.They soon began commissioning portraits – not only of themselves but also of their wives, who were often critical to their success, doing the accounts and other administrative tasks.
Chronicles are the predecessors of modern "time lines" rather than analytical histories.
, chronos, "time") is a historical account of facts and events ranged in chronological order, as in a time line.
Typically, equal weight is given for historically important events and local events, the purpose being the recording of events that occurred, seen from the perspective of the chronicler.
This is in contrast to a narrative or history, which sets selected events in a meaningful interpretive context and excludes those the author does not see as important.
Where a chronicler obtained the information varies; some chronicles are written from first-hand knowledge, some are from witnesses or participants in events, still others are accounts passed mouth to mouth prior to being written down.