The inland area is mostly desert with a few oases, and the barren Hajar Mountains run through the country.The UAE has a dry climate with very high temperatures and humidity in the summer. Relative to its size and oil wealth, the UAE has a small population, estimated at 2,624,000 in 1997.Recently, more urban settings have exhibited decorative designs with local themes related to the national heritage.Preservation of the urban heritage also is seen in the renovation of old forts, palaces, souks (marketplaces), and mosques.
It usually consists of fish, rice, meat, and a vegetable dish.The latter factor has generated a dependence on expatriate labor; the UAE has become a multiethnic society, and Emirati nationals account for only about 20 percent of the population. Among the immigrant population, English, Hindi, Urdu, Farsi, and Filipino are spoken. The main metaphor is that of the family, with the president referred to as a father.This has created an imbalanced population composition in favor of males; in 1997, there were 1,755,000 males and 869,000 females. The colors of the national flag—green, red, white, and black—are shared with other Arab countries.Dominant urban features include skyscrapers in the commercial city centers, multistory residential buildings, large shopping malls, wide boulevards, an extensive network of highways, and sprawling new suburbs.The cities have a multiethnic composition, with segregated housing areas for nationals and the immigrants.Emiratis are known for their hospitality; they feel honored when receiving guests and socializing with friends and relatives. Incense is passed around so that guests can catch the fragrance in their headwear.